*..Drinking cranberry juice can be effective in preventing Urinary tract infections.* Think it’s a heart attack? Call an ambulance, then chew one full strength (325mg) ASPIRIN tablet or else chew 4 low dose (81mg) ASPIRIN tablets. *..Supplementing blood pressure medicines with folate containing food materials or tablets has shown to reduce the likelihood of developing stroke in future. *.. A minimum of 150 minutes of moderate exercise per week or 20 -30 min every other day has shown to improve blood pressure in hypertensive patients. *.. Mindfulness: A popular meditation technique has shown to reduce levels of stress hormone levels known as Cortisol and help in increasing attention span. *.. Worsening of Anxiety, agitation, restlessness in a previously healthy individual may be due to an overactive thyroid gland. Consult your doctor about thyroid function test.



What is Asthma?

  • Asthma is a chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the airway ( tubes that bring air into and out of an individual’s lungs.)
  • It is the most common chronic disease in children.



  • Wheezing
  • Coughing
  • Tightness in the chest
  • Fatigue






  • While the exact cause of asthma is not known, it is thought that a variety of factors interacting with one another, early in life, result in the development of asthma.
  • Parents with asthma
  • Atopy
  • Childhood respiratory infections
  • Exposure to allergens or infections while the immune system is developing.

Asthma Triggers









Diagnosing Asthma

Based on:

Medical history

  • Troublesome cough, particularly at night
  • Awakened by coughing
  • Coughing or wheezing after physical activity
  • Breathing problems during particular seasons
  • Coughing, wheezing, or chest tightness after allergen exposure
  • Colds that last more than 10 days
  • Relief when medication is used
  • Atopic dermatitis or other allergic skin conditions.

Physical examination

  • 64Hyperexpansion of thorax.
  • Wheezing sound heard on auscultation.
  • Decreased breath sounds heard on auscultation


Test result

  • Spirometry-Tests the lung function when diagnosing asthma.


Medications for Asthma

  • Two major categories of medicines used in the management are:
  • There is no cure for asthma. Asthma can only be managed by the help of medicines and avoidance of trigger factors.
  1. Long term control
  2. Quick relief a.k.a rescuers

Long term control

  • Taken daily over a long period of time
  • Used to reduce inflammation, relax airway muscles, and improve symptoms and lung function
  • Inhaled corticosteroids (fluticasone,budesonide)
  • Long-acting beta2-agonists (salmetrol, formetrol)
  • Leukotriene modifiers

Quick relief


  • Used in acute episodes
  • Generally short-acting beta2agonists ( salbutamol inhalers)

How to use an inhaler:


How to use spacer with inhaler:


  • Spacer can also be used by the patients if they have difficulty in using inhalers.
  • Spacers have also shown to decrease the potential for side effects caused by the medication.

How to use nebulizer:


  • Nebulizers are machines which produces mist of medication.
  • Used more commonly for small children.

7 Responses

  1. Very Useful Information….. problem is been explained in layman language. This will definitely help in avoiding the trigger factors.

  2. most of the asthma related frequency increases during spring and winter

    • Dr Aman Gupta

      YES I agree they are due to weather changes which contains high moisture and dust during winter along with pollens from plants during spring

  3. That’s a very informatory blog. Very useful for parents like us who have kids in age group of 4-8 years. All relevant information is provided at one platform which is very helpful. Generally, we do not get all such information even while consulting doctors for such purposes. Hope to read more of such kind of meticulous articles on common diseases to help everyone.

  4. Excellent information provided . I was able to search the information which I was looking for .
    I must say that this initiative which you have started is very helpful . Keep up the good work .
    Nowadays,this type of informatory website are very hard to find,I am glad i could find one .
    Thank you
    Dr.Aman Gupta

  5. very informative …excellent website

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